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Monday, October 21, 2019

Wednesday, October 16, 2019

15 Interesting Words That Could Change the Way You Think

The average English speaking knows around 12,000 -25,000 words, yet the Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in current use. So, most of us are missing out on knowing, using and enjoying thousands of interesting words.

Some linguists suggest that if we don’t have a word for a certain, it is almost impossible to understand that concept. Linguist Benjamin Lee Whorf was an early proponent of this idea, suggesting different linguistic systems affected the thoughts and behaviour of language users. He studied the language of the Brazilian Piraha people and found that they have no word for quantity. In their language, there is just a word for one, and a word for more than one. This meant that they did not understand the concept of quantity in the same way that we do.

So, if specific words can help us to understand concepts and broaden our knowledge and understanding of the world, it is worth spending some time learning some new, and interesting words.

Here are 15 interesting words to get you started on the journey to crafting a more varied and effective vocabulary.

1. Logophile
I am assuming that as you are reading this article, you may be something of a logophile or ‘lover of words’. Logophile comes from the Greek ‘logos’ meaning speech and ‘phile’ meaning lover or friend.
2. QuixoticThis interesting word is derived from the lead character in Don Quixote written by Miguel de Cervantes. In the novel, Quixote decides to become a knight in order to defend the helpless and destroy the wicked. Because of this character, we call someone Quixotic if they are unrealistically optimistic or have a comically chivalrous approach to life.

Interestingly, the word scrooge was coined in the same way, a scrooge being a mean person and coming from the character Scrooge in Dickens’ A Christmas Carol.
3. Liminal
Liminal means on the edge of things or between things. It describes marshy landscapes that are neither really land or sea. However, it can also be used to describe states of consciousness. Dreams often occur in the liminal state between sleeping and waking.
4. Esoteric
The word esoteric is used to describe special knowledge that is available only to a select group of people. Belief systems that rely on secret information and practices are often described as esoteric.

Examples of esoteric doctrines include Masonic Lodges, the Theosophical Society and the Eleusinian mysteries.

5. Numinous
Numinous is a delightful word that means spiritual or supernatural. The word can be applied to anything that is mysterious or surpasses our human understanding.
6. Epistemology
Epistemology is the study of knowledge. This branch of philosophy is specifically concerned with the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge. So, I guess it really describes the process of thinking about thinking.
7. Schadenfreude
Though schadenfreude is a lovely sounding word, feeling it is not something to be proud of. Schadenfreude means experiencing pleasure or satisfaction from the trouble, failure or humiliation of others.

8. Loquacious
Most of us know someone who is a little loquacious. They talk – a lot! Unfortunately, most of the things they talk about are interesting only to them. This makes them the worst person to get stuck with at a dinner party.
9. Hubris
Hubris is a concept that originated in ancient Greece and today describes excessive presumption, exaggerated pride or self-confidence – even arrogance. It’s a shame that such a nice word describes such a horrible personality trait.
10. Bibliophile
A Bibliophile is a lover of books. The word comes from the Greek biblion ‘book’ + philos ‘lover or friend’. Bibliophiles have a particular interest in beautiful or rare books and many also collect antiques and first editions.
11. Eurhythmic
Eurhythmic means having an aesthetically pleasing rhythm or structure. So, I guess that’s what makes it the perfect name for a band.

12. Fugacious
Fugacious means fleeting or transient. It is similar to the even more attractive ephemeral, which means lasting a very short time.

Many things in life are beautiful but fleeting, the life of a mayfly, the moment the sun goes down on a glorious summer’s day, or the brief time a rainbow decorates the sky. Perhaps it is their fugacious nature that makes these moments so special.
13. Elysian
If something is elysian, it is blissful or delightful. The word comes from the Greek “Elysian field,” where the heroic and the virtuous go after death. So, I suppose it is similar to heavenly.
14. Metanoia
Metanoia describes a profound, usually spiritual, transformation. This unusual word perfectly describes the process of changing one’s mind, heart, spiritual direction or way of life in a radical way.

This seems like a good word to use instead of the overused ‘enlightened’ or ‘spiritual awakening‘.
15. Lollygag
Lollygag is my favorite new interesting word. It means to spend time in an aimless or lazy way, to idle about or goof off. So, I guess lollygagging is the perfect way to spend an afternoon.

So that’s enough interesting words for today. I am off to spend the afternoon lollygagging.

We’d love to hear your favourite interesting words. Please share them with us in the comments.

Sunday, October 13, 2019

25 Different Ways to Say “Said” - Part 2

Angry Said Words 
Sadly, many things are said in anger. These verbs can help to mark what kind of anger was behind what was being said. 

Exploded 
This verb can be used in place of “said” if someone wishes to express emotion in a sudden and violent way. “Don’t touch my stuff!” exploded Jenny to her brother. 

Fumed 
When someone is angry, this verb can be used to express that anger. 
“Why can’t I go to the party?” fumed Jenny after being grounded. 

Howled 
People use this verb after hearing some bad news as it means that something is said in a loud and angry way. Sarah howled that she could not go on after hearing the devastating news. 

Lectured 
This is when someone talks to somebody else in a serious or angry way, perhaps to criticise their behaviour. “You should know better,” lectured John to his daughter after he caught her fighting with her younger brother. 

Rebuffed 
This means that someone refuses to accept what someone else is saying in a rather rude way. 
“That was not what happened at all,” rebuffed the witness when questioned by police.

Say It Again 
Not only do we repeat what others have said, but what we are saying is a repetition as well. These two verbs are a great way to say “repeat”, but with more style. 

Recited 
This verb means that something is read out loud, normally from memory, for a group of people or an audience. Fred recited the poem to his friends in such a soothing manner they were practically falling asleep. 

Reiterated 
This verb is used instead of “say” because it is used to express a point that has already been mentioned previously, for emphasis. “You’re not getting next week off,” reiterated my boss after I asked him about the holidays for a second time. 


Speak Positively 
After so many different feelings, it is important to note how to say things in a positive manner. 

Recommended 
This verb is used to make something seem good or attractive to convince someone else to do something, too. Julia recommended watching the film at night to make it seem even scarier. 

Praised 
Using “praised” instead of “said” is done to express real approval of someone or something. 
“The emergency services have done a fantastic job!” praised the mayor. 

Preached 
We use this verb to speak about something in an approving way or to confirm that something is good or necessary. 
“You’ll have the best time in Spain,” preached Jane to her son before he left for his travels. 

Now it’s your turn! Now that you know 25 other ways to express “said” in English, you should try to memorise them and their contexts. Then you can incorporate them and use them in your own English. 

Friday, October 11, 2019

25 Different Ways to Say “Said” - Part 1

Learning a language is not just learning grammar and making sure that you reproduce the words in the correct order. Vocabulary is important, too. Within vocabulary, having a large number of words available to express a thought is important both to be precise and to add variety to your communication.

In English, people often use the word “said” to report what someone has said. But English is a rich language with hundreds of other verbs to get this idea across. In this article, we will introduce you to 25 alternatives to use instead of “said”, complete with meaning and example sentences. Try to incorporate them into your own English and see how others will praise your efforts! 


Direct and Reported Speech in English 
In English, when someone says something, you have two options to share that information. You can do so using direct speech or reported speech. Since this article is about vocabulary, we do not need to go too deep into the grammar. You have probably already learned the grammar in your online English course or in-person course. Here is a quick review!  

Direct speech records exactly what was said, using quotation marks. For example:
“I need to go to the bathroom,” said the child. Reported speech gets rid of the quote marks and reports what was said. In reported speech, the previous sentence would be: The child said she needed to go to the bathroom. But how did the child feel as she spoke? Happy? Sad? Angry?

In any language, we often find ourselves saying what others have said. That is why we have gathered this collection of different ways to say “said” so that you can add some emotion to your language. 


What They Said 
This collection of words to say “said” are excellent ways to report what someone else has said while adding a bit of extra information about how they said it.

Affirmed 
When we say that something is true but in a confident way, we affirm it. 
“There will be no pay increases until next year,” affirmed our boss. 

Alleged 
This is when we say or accuse someone of doing something wrong, even though they have not yet been proven guilty. 
The eyewitness alleged that the robber had a blue jumper on. 

Announced 
This is when something is made known in a public or formal way. 
The government has just announced that it will increase public spending next month.
Commented 
This can be a written or spoken statement that expresses an opinion about someone or something. 
“I loved your speech!” Sarah commented to Dave. 

Confessed
When we wish to openly and freely express who we are or something we have done, we can use this verb. 
“I am a Spice Girls fan,” confessed Rebecca. 

Divulged 
If we wish to make certain information available to someone, we can use this verb. 
“It’s going to be a difficult week,” divulged James to Bryan.

Elaborated 
This verb is perfect for when we want to give more details about something or to be more specific about a certain part of something. My boss elaborated that next month’s budget must be ready by Tuesday. 

Guaranteed 
By using this verb, the speaker is effectively promising that what they say is a fact or is being promised. “It’s an offer you can’t turn down,” guaranteed my boss. 

Hinted
If we want to say something to give a piece of information in a direct or indirect way, we can use this verb.
David hinted to his sister that she might receive a good present for her birthday. 

Mentioned
If someone mentions something, they do it in a subtle way to suggest something to the person that they are speaking to. 
Kyle mentioned that he would like to do something fun for his birthday

Said With Feeling 
To say what emotion was used when speaking, there are a number of wonderful verbs to do so. 

Gushed 
This is a common way to say things when people are in love, as it means to say something in an enthusiastic, loving way. 
“I love you,” gushed Stephanie to her boyfriend. 

Implored Generally, if we want someone to think hard about our advice, we could use this verb as it means to say something as a serious or emotional request. 
“You have to do what is best for you,” implored Michael. 

Insisted 
When someone wishes to say something in a forceful way that does not allow for any disagreement, then this verb can be used. 
“I didn’t do it!” insisted the suspect to the police. 

Jeered 
Jeered is often used in the context of sports because it means to shout insulting words at someone. 
“Boo!” jeered the crowd when the player on the opposite team scored a goal. 

Moaned 
Using “moaned” in place of “said” implies that someone is trying to express unhappiness about a particular situation or occurrence. 
The children moaned that it wasn’t fair after all their toys were confiscated by the teacher.


Wednesday, October 9, 2019

Why We should learn English with Picture/ Illustration

An image is worth a thousand words“. I believe most people have heard this saying before. According to some research, 85% of Internet users will be more impressed with the images. The human brain absorbs data through images faster and takes much longer memory than words. Therefore, learning English with pictures/illustration will affect the brain much more effective than learning English in common words.
3 benefits of learning English with pictures/ illustrations:
1. Easy to remember:
The first benefit of learning English with pictures is that you can memorize vocabulary easily. – When you communicate in English, your brain will direct you to the images associated with the vocabulary you have learned.
2.  Save time:
Each time you look at the pictures, they will gradually deepen into your subconscious and help you remember that you do not have to spend a lot of time to sit at the desk.
3. Easy to use in communication
When you try to express yourself in English, images in the present context will help you visualize the images you have seen before and remember the words that are attached. It’s easier than ever to communicate in English.
That’s the reason why Today, I would like to introduce to you a channel (Tony Illustrated English) which makes you surprise because it brings to you the easy way to learn English.
Their slogan: learning is a piece of cake. That’s right, you will learn English through pictures easily
For example:

Monday, October 7, 2019

Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Monday, September 30, 2019

Friday, September 27, 2019

Wednesday, September 25, 2019

Watch These 5 Movies To Help Learn The English Language Better

The English language has had a considerable impact on our political arena. It should come as no surprise that the idea to learn English as a second language is no longer a suggestion but a requirement for foreign students wanting to be a part of the political regime or status quo.

The processes of learning a second language can be a tiring and gruesome due to constant grammar quizzes, teacher lectures and heavy ESL textbooks. However, with English becoming more prevalent around the world, many individuals are finding ways to counteract this heavy load with fun alternatives to learning the language.

Watching movies has become a fun and interactive way to learn English and a widely used tool that aids in shaping the way non-English speakers interact with those around them. Non-English speakers can learn the “natural way” of speaking English by the dozens of popular movies released each year.

With subtitles readily available on almost all movies released in the United States, foreign students can access a free, fun and engaging program of movie watching to learn what is considered the hardest language to conquer.


1. “Toy Story” (1995)

“Toy Story” is beloved classic close to the heart of many young adults who grew up in the early ’90s. Both its Walt Disney association and young target audience make this a perfect movie for any individual seeking to learn English in one of the most practical ways.

The child-like atmosphere and sense of humor constantly showcased throughout the movie can help anyone understand the quality of American friendship, culture and inside jokes portrayed with easy to understand vocabulary


2. “Forrest Gump” (1994)

Anyone who has watched this American classic cannot deny the heartfelt language spoken throughout the film.

Forest Gump, who is considered mentally disabled or disadvantaged, speaks slowly with easy to understand language, short words and phrases that help the learning individual pronounce the same words. Gump may be considered a slow-witted person, but his heart and mind are full of thought-provoking wisdom that any watcher will admire.


3. “10 Things I Hate About You” (1999)

This classic comedy is sure to help any watcher understand the cultural aspects of young American language.

“10 Things I Hate About You” offers a funny, teen-targeted perspective with easy to understand language that is typically used in everyday life. The American accents and characters offer a wide variety of vocabulary and slang for your English learning endeavors.


4. “Jurassic Park” (1993)

“Jurassic Park” is great for anyone trying to learn a professional, dynamic and more complex vocabulary. The presence of scientists, historians and archeologists produce a solid experience for the advanced English learner.

The language is only a side-note to the amazing visual effects and equally awesome soundtrack that is played throughout the movie. Any English learner will want to add this film to their collection of movies they watch repeatedly.


5. “The Office” (2005-2013)


This last suggestion may not be considered a movie, but the learning abilities that can be gained from it are equal to those that come from watching movies. The TV show “The Office” is an excellent alternative for language learners who may grow tired from watching two hours of video.


Television shows are great for individuals with limited time. They can help an English learner better engage and interact with the language through character development over time and random plots presented in each episode. “The Office” offers a fun and humorous environment that helps foreign language speakers discover new ways to interact with others in multiple settings both professionally and casually.

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Welcome to English at LERNFORUM Chur.  Lernforum is mainly engaged in teaching English and training in smaller, personal groups for every English language need. All of us are native speakers of English and have a passion for what we do.

Word of the Month

Holy

(adj): Sacred, divine, blessed.


Holiday: a holy or festive day; a day off, vacation (also sacred)


Expressions: Holy Cow! Literally true in India.

Ex: Holly Mackerel! Delicious, healthy and full of mercury.

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